Parts of a Guitar – Learn the Guitar’s Anatomy

Guitar Anatomy Learn the Parts of a Guitar Feature Image

Did you know that there are at least 21 parts of a guitar for a beginner to learn? In this lesson, I’ll show you the parts of an electric guitar and an acoustic guitar. I’ll also show you the standard tuning, how strings are numbered, and how frets are numbered.

The Parts of a Guitar

Generally speaking, there are two types of guitars: acoustic and electric. Luthiers, or guitar makers, build acoustic guitars so they can be played without amplification. Electric guitars require an amplifier to produce a sound loud enough to hear well.

Despite their differences, electric and acoustic guitars are played the same way.
Parts of a guitar (electric) Parts of a guitar (acoustic)
Several guitar parts are common to both acoustics and electrics, others are specific.
Common Parts Electric Only Acoustic Only
Headstock Pickup Sound Hole
Tuning Machine Pickup Selector Bridge Pin
Fret Output Jack Sounding Board (Guitar Top)
Nut Volume Knob
Neck Tone Knob
Fretboard (Fingerboard) Whammy Bar (bar)
Position Marker (dot)
End Pin

String Naming and Standard Tuning

Strings are numbered from the thinnest string (1st string) to the thickest string (6th string). The tuning is given from the 6th string to the 1st string: E-A-D-G-B-E. This tuning (E-A-D-G-B-E) is called standard tuning.

String Numbering and Tuning

String Numbering and Tuning

Notes are named using the first seven letters of the alphabet, however there are more than seven pitches, or notes, produced on the guitar. The note names, or letters, repeat themselves. For example: the note name after G is A: … E-F-G-A-B-C-D-E-F-G-A-B-C …

Fret Numbering

Frets are numbered from the headstock toward the body starting with 1. Sometimes the number 0 or letter O is used to denote an open string, or one that is played without fretting a note.

Fretting a note is executed by pressing the string down behind a fret (on the headstock side of the fret).

Fret Numbering

Fretboard with fret numbering

Fretboard Movement

Guitarists can move horizontally up or down the fretboard, or vertically across the fretboard. These are common terms used to communicate how to shift your hands when playing the guitar.

Fretboard Movement

Subscribe for Free Content, Tips, and More!

3 Reasons to Subscribe to the GLW Newsletter:

  1. Free Stuff! You'll get free content that is exclusive to my newsletter subscribers!
  2. Content tailored to you. Over time, I'll get to learn more about you and deliver content that motivates you to learn, play and be inspired!
  3. No spam. Just real content that's meant to make a difference in your playing

Enter your name and email, and you're on your way!

We won't send you spam. Unsubscribe at any time. Powered by ConvertKit
Hello again! You're already subscribed to the GLW newsletter. Thank you for being a part of the GLW community. If you have a question, just send an email using my contact page. I'd be happy to help!

6 Comments on Parts of a Guitar – Learn the Guitar’s Anatomy

  1. Thx for this! I’m the FRETX founder, and we use parts of this blog to get useful information about guitars to help our users and employees to get a grasp on the instrument.

  2. Thank you for posting this info. I love music and have always played horns. I wanted to learn something new and I love the sound of an acoustic. I never learned to play an instrument without learning it’s parts first. I’m not sure how anyone can play an instrument without learning the parts. This has been extremely helpful.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


guitar note scale  common major chord progressions  guitar lessons arpeggios  song chords on guitar  staff notation tutorial pdf  parts of a electric guitar  2 5 1 chord progression guitar  what pentatonic scale to use  books for guitar learning  7th chord formula  how to play dm chord  transpose c  bass guitar arpeggio chart  how to read notes guitar  red guitar chords  g diminished chord  all the guitar chords  g7th chord guitar  guitar skill building exercises  a minor jazz scale  how to play dadgad  guitar exercises tabs  i want to change the world tab  famous fingerstyle tabs  best guitar for fingerstyle  a chord progression guitar  how to play amazing grace on the guitar  understanding bar chords  what are guitar scales used for  what is am chord on guitar  how to improve lead guitar playing  12 bar blues in a major  giutar scales  b flat sus chord  dm7 5 guitar chord  what is an interval music  guitar lessons on line  how to play spanish style guitar  half step down chords  cmajor7 chord  open e note  break the rules chords  chords of d major scale  what notes are in the key of e  moveable chords guitar  guitar building tips  gcd guitar chords  interval half steps  how to strum a guitar correctly  never knew i needed guitar chords  easy 12 bar blues guitar  music notes treble clef  electric guitar scales tabs  how to learn power chords  guitar ninth chords  using 7th chords  how to finger pick bass  how to play the guitar chords  guitar song finder  free alright now guitar lesson  picking exercises  c note guitar  12 string guitar images  blues pentatonic scale guitar tab  a dim chord